Kala Moti: A Silent Killer

Affecting about 7,00,000,00 people worldwide

Dr. Shazia Shafi
Srinagar, Publish Date: Mar 13 2018 11:41PM | Updated Date: Mar 13 2018 11:41PM
Kala Moti: A Silent Killer

Glaucoma is a chronic neurodegenerative disease of the optic nerve (the second cranial nerve). It is the most common neurodegenerative disease, affecting about 70 million people worldwide. Glaucoma is the 2nd most common disease causing blindness after cataract, although the speed and degree of vision loss very. Glaucoma blindness is irreversible but preventable 

Can only be treated and not cured

However, most people with glaucoma are not diagnosed or treated. In my clinical practice in Kashmir, on a daily basis I come across many cases of glaucoma (both undiagnosed and on treatment). Glaucoma is quite prevalent in our population. Lack of awareness among general masses and lack of awareness about the disease in patients is a matter of concern.

This small write up is only intended to bridge the gap between disease and patient so that we can fight this disease better.

 

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

 

What is IOP?

IOP is IntraOcular Pressure. The distribution of IOP within the general population has a range of 11-21 mmhg. Although there is no absolute cut off point, 21mmhg is considered the upper limit of normal and levels above are viewed with suspicion.

 

What are risk factors for glaucoma?

A) Age: common in older individuals

B) Family history: First degree relatives of patients with glaucoma are at increased risk.

C) Diabetes 

D) Hypertension 

E) Myopia (Patients with glasses having minus power)

F) Retinal diseases (Vein occlusion, Retinal detachment, Retinitis pigmentosa)

G) Patients on Steroid drugs

 

How to screen & diagnose glaucoma?

A) IOP Measurement (Non contact Tonometry/ Applanation Tonometry)

B) Diurnal variation test: where a patients IOP is monitored throughout the day to see for pressure fluctuations.

C) Clinical Examination & assessment of Optic disc by specialist

D) Visual fields (HVF) test

E) Gonioscopy by a trained specialist

F) If need be, specialised tests like GDx, HRT, OCT disc/RNFL.

After your doctor evaluates you thoroughly, he/she will determine whether to label you as glaucoma patient or not.

In case you are diagnosed with glaucoma, your specialist will set a "Target IOP" for you and start you on anti-GLAUCOMA medications & monitor you periodically.

If your disease is in advanced stage and warrants surgery, your doctor can advise and perform Trabeculectomy+/-ologen implant or a Valve implant.

By acting on time, you ensure safety of your vision. Glaucoma if diagnosed on time can be prevented. Late diagnosis of disease almost always leads to permanent visual disability.

Let us all come together and fight this disease. 

Dr. Shazia is working in ASG eye hospital, Srinagar as a Phaco Cataract and Glaucoma surgeon. 

 

Latest News

  1. RSS won't accept Muslims: Mayawati
  2. RSS won't accept Muslims: Mayawati
  1. BJP controlling media by filing police cases against journalists: Kejriwal
  2. BJP controlling media by filing police cases against journalists: Kejriwal
  1. India, Pakistan foreign ministers to meet in New York
  2. India, Pakistan foreign ministers to meet in New York
  1. BSP not to contest ULB elections in Jammu and Kashmir
  2. BSP not to contest ULB elections in Jammu and Kashmir
  1. Four women in shortlist of six for Man Booker 2018
  2. Four women in shortlist of six for Man Booker 2018
  1. SC reserves order on SIT probe into activists' arrest
  2. SC reserves order on SIT probe into activists' arrest
  1. Triple talaq ordinance undemocratic: CPI-M
  2. Triple talaq ordinance undemocratic: CPI-M
  1. Tribute | Death Of Jessi, Kashmir’s Maxim Mikhaylov, Leaves Fans Devastated
  2. Tribute | Death Of Jessi, Kashmir’s Maxim Mikhaylov, Leaves Fans Devastated
  1. Muslim labourer’s killer Shambhulal Regar offered ticket to contest 2019 Lok Sabha polls
  2. Muslim labourer’s killer Shambhulal Regar offered ticket to contest 2019 Lok Sabha polls
  1. Quran reading at Goa BJP office held for Parrikar's recovery
  2. Quran reading at Goa BJP office held for Parrikar's recovery
  1. Gunfight breaks out in Bandipora in north Kashmir
  2. Gunfight breaks out in Bandipora in north Kashmir
  1. Pakistan PM Khan writes to Modi seeking resumption of peace dialogue with India: report
  2. Pakistan PM Khan writes to Modi seeking resumption of peace dialogue with India: report
  1. Jammu and Kashmir acting DGP Dilbag Singh to continue in office, says SC
  2. Jammu and Kashmir acting DGP Dilbag Singh to continue in office, says SC
  1. Ganderbal minor was murdered in fit of rage, accused arrested: Kashmir Police
  2. Ganderbal minor was murdered in fit of rage, accused arrested: Kashmir Police
  1. Pakistan issues postage stamps portraying slain Kashmir militant commander Burhan Wani
  2. Pakistan issues postage stamps portraying slain Kashmir militant commander Burhan Wani
  1. Saudi Arabia intercepts missile shot towards border city
  2. Saudi Arabia intercepts missile shot towards border city
  1. Rahul terms Sitharaman 'Rafale Minister', demands resignation
  2. Rahul terms Sitharaman 'Rafale Minister', demands resignation
  1. US demands North Korea denuclearise by January 2021
  2. US demands North Korea denuclearise by January 2021
  1. Watch | 30 passengers suffer nose, ear bleeds after Jet Airways crew forgets to press a switch
  2. Watch | 30 passengers suffer nose, ear bleeds after Jet Airways crew forgets to press a switch
  1. Hyderabad man attacks daughter, son-in-law over inter-caste marriage
  2. Hyderabad man attacks daughter, son-in-law over inter-caste marriage
  1. Sharif family reaches Lahore after court reprieve
  2. Sharif family reaches Lahore after court reprieve
  1. Palestinian teen shot dead by Israeli fire in Gaza border clashes: ministry
  2. Palestinian teen shot dead by Israeli fire in Gaza border clashes: ministry
  1. UN urges peace in Yemen to avoid 'full-blown' famine
  2. UN urges peace in Yemen to avoid 'full-blown' famine
  1. Moon, Kim take historic trip to sacred North Korean mountain
  2. Moon, Kim take historic trip to sacred North Korean mountain
x
This site uses cookies to deliver our services and to show you relevant news and ads. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service.That's Fine